Dieter von Roeder

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Dieter Von Roeder
Roeder.jpg
Tekniske data
TypeJager
Lengde (m)123,4 m
Bredde (m)11,75 m
Dypgående (m)4,5 m
Tonnasje3415 grt
Karriere
Bygget1937 ved Bremen
FlaggstatTysk Hamburg
SkjebneSenket i sjøslag
Dykket
NivåNivå 1
Tilgjengelighetbåt
Dykkedybde20m
Posisjon68° 26' 4" N, 17° 22' 40" Ø


Historie [1]

Den tyske jageren Dieter Von Roeder tilhørte tyskernes Kriegsschiffgruppe 1 under operasjon Weserübung, og målet var å sikre byen Narvik og malmtrafikken fra Sverige. Kommandant på Dieter Von Roeder er Korvettenkapitän Erich Holtorf som hadde fått tildelt denne posisjonen helt fra start av da jageren var sjøsatt i 1938. Jageren patruljerte havnen i Narvik den 9 april og fikk blant annet det svenske skipet Stråssa til å legge til anker inne i havna. Dampskipet Stråssa hviler fortsatt i Narvik havn den dag idag. Den 10 april har Dieter Von Roeder gått inn i Narvik havn grunnet en misforståelse da den britiske kampgruppen med jagerne HMS Hotspur, Hostile, Havock, Hunter og Hardy angriper skipene i havna. Takket være det dårlige været denne dagen blir ikke de britiske krigsskipene oppdaget før de nesten er inne i havna, og flere av de tyske jagerne blir slått ut. Dieter Von Roeder leser situasjonen og forsøker å holde de overlegne britiske jagerne unna og skyter med alt hun har av våpen, men blir kraftig truffet av den fientlige ilden fra HMS Havock. De britiske jagerne trekker seg like etter ut av trefningen, og Dieter Von Roeder klarer såvidt å komme seg inn på Narvik havn med tretten omkomne av besetningen. Jageren er nå så sterkt skadet og også nærmest tom for ammunisjon. Dieter Von Roeder er fortsatt flytende stand, men da de allierte styrkene igjen angriper de tyske styrkene den 13 april senker mannskapet selv jageren med hjelp av synkeminer.


History provided by German Kriegsmarine Encyclopedia

Dieter Von Roeder and the battles at Narvik; After a short intervention in the Baltic Sea at the outbreak of the war, the von Roeder was used to lay mine fields in the North Sea (Westwall) in September 1939, followed by one mine laying operation off the British coast until February 1940. During in Operation Weserübung the von Roeder was part of the Kriegsschiffgruppe 1 heading for Narvik. where it was heavily damaged during a battle with British destroyers on 10.04.1940 in Narvik. Sunk during a the second destroyer battle on 13.04.1941 while anchoring in Narvik harbor. The Zerstörer 1936 class were slightly bigger and improved to their predecessors, the Zerstörer 1934 and Zerstörer 1934A. While these ships were under construction, none of the earlier ships was commissioned and therefore none of their design flaws got obvious. 10 Apr 40: First Battle of Narvik. The British destroyers Hardy, Hunter, Havock, Hostile and Hotspur slipped past the two U-Boats guarding the entrance to Ofotfjord, sailed 25 miles up the fjord and completely surprised the five German destroys at Narvik. At 0530 they launched a gunfire and torpedo attack that sank two of these ships and crippled the other three while receiving only one minor hit in return. After almost an hour of mayhem, the British were making their last pass prior to withdraw when Z9, Z12 and Z13 emerging from Herjangsfjord to the northeast surprised them. The Germans advanced in line with, each ship offset to port which allowed all six of their forward guns to bear. They opened fire from 6,500m; the British replied and a running fight developed. The visibility was poor, however and the three German ships (commanded by Fregattenkapitan Erich Bey) were forced to turn hard to port to avoid torpedoes fired out of Narvik harbor by Z18. At this point, 0657, Z2 and Z11 emerged from Ballangenfjord, ahead of the British ships and opened fire. The Z9, Z12 and Z13 turned back to the fight and the two forces (particularly Z2) brought the British under an effective crossfire. Hardy was blasted and forced aground. Hunter was hit hard by gunfire, then torpedoed and finally rammed by Hotspur, herself damaged. Hotspur managed to extract herself, but Hunter sank. Z9, Z12 and Z13 briefly pursued the three retreating British destroyers up the fjord and then broke off to return to Narvik. Z12 was extremely short on fuel although Z9 and Z13 had refueled the night before. Bey's decision to abandon the pursuit was unfortunate, because the British destroyers encountered and sank the ammunition ship Rauenfels coming up the fjord loaded with 5" shells. These would be sorely missed during the Second Battle of Narvik. 11 Apr 40: Z13 was fueled and operational. However, while moving to her dispersal point in Ballangenfjord, she ran aground and ripped her bottom open, flooding #2 and 3 boiler rooms, torpedo warhead room and transmitting station. This event rendered her useless for further operations except as a floating battery. She also retained two torpedoes, having delivered her others to Z11 and Z2. 13 Apr 40: Second Battle of Narvik. Z13 was in the process of being escorted by Z19 to Taarstadt were she was to lay in ambush for the expected British attack when British ships were reported coming down the fjord. While Z19 proceeded ahead to better assess the strength of the British force, Z13 limped into Djupvik in the hopes of still being able to effect an ambush. However, spotter aircraft from Warspite reported her position and Bedouin and Eskimo rounded the point north of Djupvik with guns and torpedoes tubes ready for action. At 1309 hours both sides opened fire at a range of 3,500m. Unable to maneuver, Z13 was an easy target. Although she fired both her remaining torpedoes, she was hit in 1. boiler room and 2. turbine room and took a torpedo forward which blew off her bow. Even Warspite got in the action firing two salvos into the unfortunate ship. Her captain ordered her scuttled, but only after 31 men were killed and many more were wounded.


Vraket

Den tyske jageren liggende i fred til etter den andre verdenkrig da hun ble berget og dumpet utenfor Narvik flyplass. Vraket av Dieter Von Roeder kan lokaliseres rett utenfor Narvik flyplass sammen med vrakene av Anton Schmitt og Wilhelm Heidekamp.

Dykking

Vraket av Dieter Von Roeder hviler i to deler, med akterskipet på en dybde av ti meter tyve meter. Restene av skroget ligger nærmere tretti meter unna mot Herjangen på en dybde av tyve meter. Vraket er normalt markert med bøye og er kun tilgjengelig fra båt.

Referanser

  1. Orginalt fra skovheim.org

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